1. Description: A bronze star 1 Ĺ
inches in circumscribing diameter. In the center thereof is a
3/16-inch diameter superimposed bronze star, the center line of all
rays of both stars coinciding. The reverse has the inscription
"HEROIC OR MERITORIOUS ACHIEVEMENT" and a space for the name of the
recipient to be engraved. The star is suspended from the ribbon by a
rectangular shaped metal loop with the corners rounded.
2. Ribbon: The ribbon is 1 3/8 inches
wide and consists of the following stripes: 1/32 inch white 67101;
9/16 inch scarlet 67111; 1/32 inch white; center stripe 1/8 inch
ultramarine blue 67118; 1/32 inch white; 9/16 inch scarlet; and 1/32
3. Criteria: a. The Bronze Star Medal is
awarded to any person who, while serving in any capacity in or with
the military of the United States after 6 December 1941,
distinguished himself or herself by heroic or meritorious
achievement or service, not involving participation in aerial
flight, while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United
States; while engaged in military operations involving conflict with
an opposing foreign force; or while serving with friendly foreign
forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing armed force
in which the United States is not a belligerent party.
b. Awards may be made for acts
of heroism, performed under circumstances described above, which are
of lesser degree than required for the award of the Silver Star.
c. Awards may be made to
recognize single acts of merit or meritorious service. The required
achievement or service while of lesser degree than that required for
the award of the Legion of Merit must nevertheless have been
meritorious and accomplished with distinction.
4. Components: The following are
authorized components of the Bronze Star Medal:
a. Decoration (regular size):
MIL-D-3943/22. NSN for decoration set is 8455-00-269-5749. NSN for
replacement medal is 8455-00-246-3829.
b. Decoration (miniature size):
MIL-D-3943/22. NSN 8455-00-996-5004.
c. Ribbon: MIL-R-11589/18. NSN
d. Lapel Button: MIL-R-11484/16.
5. Background: a. General George C.
Marshall, in a memorandum to President Roosevelt dated February 3,
1944, wrote: "The fact that the ground troops, Infantry in
particular, lead miserable lives of extreme discomfort and are the
ones who must close in personal combat with the enemy, makes the
maintenance of their morale of great importance. The award of the
Air Medal have had an adverse reaction on the ground troops,
particularly the Infantry Riflemen who are now suffering the
heaviest losses, air or ground, in the Army, and enduring the
greatest hardships." The Air Medal had been adopted two years
earlier to raise airmenís morale.
b. President Roosevelt
authorized the Bronze Star Medal by Executive Order 9419 dated 4
February 1944, retroactive to 7 December 1941. This authorization
was announced in War Department Bulletin No. 3, dated 10 February
1944. The Executive Order was amended by President Kennedy, per
Executive Order 11046 dated 24 August 1962, to expand the
authorization to include those serving with friendly forces.
c. As a result of a study
conducted in 1947, the policy was implemented that authorized the
retroactive award of the Bronze Star Medal to soldiers who had
received the Combat Infantryman Badge or the Combat Medical Badge
during World War II. The basis for doing this was that the badges
were awarded only to soldiers who had borne the hardships which
resulted in General Marshallís support of the Bronze Star Medal.
Both badges required a recommendation by the commander and a
citation in orders.
d. Order of precedence and wear
of decorations is contained in Army Regulation 670-1. Policy for
awards, approving authority, supply, and issue of decorations is
contained in AR 600-8-22.